Haltmans Article Notes Activity 4


Notes on Kenneth Hallman (Activity 4)

  • Definitions 

  • Prownian analysis –identifying, analyzing , and catergozing objects in historical archaeology
  • Pedagogic sampler- instructional methods of teaching, art of science.
  • Etymology – development of a word its word history
  • Anthology- collections of selected writings by various authors.
  • Phenomenologically- relating to the science of phenomena as distinct from that of the nature of being ( relating to approach that concentrates on the study of consciousness ad objects direct experience)
  • Polarities – property for characteristic that produces unequal physically effects at different points in a body or system
  • Immediacy- instant access
  • Evocative- draw forth memory and feelings
  • Elucidate- make clear
  • Ocularly- eye
  • Tactile –touch
  • Myriad- indefinitely
  • Drauling- Don’t have a definition via dictionary .com and Google ?
  • Reverie- visionary
  • Intertextually- interrelationship between text especially works of literature


Interpretation of objects that have historical meaning to both students and scholars. We have to be able to identify these objects and values from the reading and the models.  In addition, we have to provide interpretation why do these cultural objects exist and their importance in our lives.

How would one identify the significance object relating to life /death, history, and culture? The importance of doing this is to develop and trains our brains to develop a deeper thinking and actually think meaning outside the box. Also developing questions that might lead us to future research to answer the questions that we might produce when observing an article or an object.

As were trying to comprehend a material we need to translate the material culture by having an actual life experience or that object has affected us in some way that creates a memory for us to create its importance and recognize as a symbol. We used active verbs to describe our action rather just looking at it and describing the object but each scenario is different because it depends on the person what they perceive important.


Things to consider when evaluating (intellectual and sensory responses)

  • Narrow a focus on a certain subject and then change to another example like the relationship between the perceiver
  • Do research, create conclusion, clarify your knowledge that you know about the object
  • Uses your senses like sight, thinking, physical appearance(texture), feelings (love / hate) , and the environment
  • Lastly, when evaluating from the research and evidence, it has to be carefully and critically thought-out not to provide negative insight and ideas that might affect the audience, therefore, constructing wrong conclusion (create careful analysis not biases) repeat same steps for your emotional value to your object.


Evaluating the Emotional Responses

  • First accessing objects we have to answer the question how does the object impact your feelings and the significances of it.
  • Identify what you grasp that object how does it make you feel and why while comparing to the author meaning that he/she wants you to perceive their personal meaning towards that object. This generates a general connection about the meaning of that object.
  • Lastly with the all the emotional, intellectual, sensory, cultural responses. These ties together bring up our own interpretations and opinions including the relationship that related to the written literature to illustrate what the meaning that the object is projecting. In addition, it’s necessary to include a variety of dreams, visions, and imaginations (includes metaphors) that are easy to identify with the aim to make this is all possible.


After that provide a Research Prospectus – clear understanding of what is the object interpreting with the research.

  • The research list should be in a range of what we are researching. Within the research, one must have the ability to create a solid claim that the one consider is correct through evidence and research.


Lastly polished interpretive analysis

  • This where the entire research finding is being gathered thoroughly and developed from our perception into a lucid claim that supports the references of the object and the context. It must include evidence for the claims that we have created and able to give specific details what the object clearly represent.